Frequently Asked Questions

Crab Orchard Stone/Tennessee Quartzite

Posted by on May 6, 2013 in Frequently Asked Questions | Comments Off on Crab Orchard Stone/Tennessee Quartzite

Suggested Protection Options As described by the Marble Institute of America’s Dimension Stone Design Manual: Most types of Quartz-based stones are clastic sedimentary stone, composed of particles or grains usually cemented with varying amounts of either hydrous silica or crystalline quartz… Crab Orchard Stone/Tennessee Quartzite

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Winter Polishing Procedures

Posted by on May 6, 2013 in Frequently Asked Questions | Comments Off on Winter Polishing Procedures

In winter, there may be differences with the polishing procedure due to seasonal changes such as cooler floor temperatures and the addition of melting salts which can migrate indoors. With regards to the floor temperature, this could make it more difficult to rinse the floor properly which could leave films and/or residues behind…. Winter Polishing Procedures

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Procedure for Diamond Grinding Marble/Granite

Posted by on Jan 22, 2013 in Frequently Asked Questions | Comments Off on Procedure for Diamond Grinding Marble/Granite

NOTE: There are specific diamonds for marble and designated diamonds for granite. Step 1: Check for lippage and overall condition of floor Step 2: Stage Equipment • Mop, mop bucket and wringer • Wet dry vacuum • 17” or 20” weighted floor machine and/or weighted pad driver (Optimum total wt 140#) Step 3: Provide Materials • 4-5 stages of diamond discs (5 each grit) • 17” or 20” natural hair floor pad • 2-4 lbs Majestic Stone Polishing Compound • 1 case Majestic Stone Soap Step 4 (A): Serious lippage (quarter test) requires...

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Procedure for Use of Majestic Honing Powder

Posted by on Jan 22, 2013 in Frequently Asked Questions | Comments Off on Procedure for Use of Majestic Honing Powder

Equipment and Materials: 1. 175 rpm fl oor machine with Majestic drive pad 2. Two natural/hogs hair buffing pads 3. Majestic Honing Powder – 250 and 400 grit 4. Spray bottle of water 5. Easy mask or plastic sheeting for masking 6. Wet vac, mop, bucket, sponge, rags, etc. Instructions: 1. Protect adjoining surfaces such as carpeting with masking material. 2. Plan to hone a maximum of about 15 square feet at a time. 3. Two scoops of Majestic Honing Powder will hone about 15 square feet. Adjust the amount of powder you use to cover the size...

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Procedure for Majestic Cleaners and Strippers

Posted by on Jan 22, 2013 in Frequently Asked Questions | Comments Off on Procedure for Majestic Cleaners and Strippers

Majestic Neutral Cleaner – Floors 1. Dust, mop, sweep, or vacuum the floor to remove any loose dirt that may be present. 2. For normal cleaning mix 1 part Majestic Neutral Cleaner to 16 parts water. (Approximately 1 cup per gallon of water) For heavy soiled floors mix 1 part cleaner to 6 parts water. Note: To avoid foaming be sure to put the water in the container first and add the cleaner to the water. 3. Damp mop floor with a clean mop set aside for use only on your stone floor. 4. Allow the floor to dry completely before allowing...

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Procedure for Polishing Marble Countertops, Walls, and Stairs with a Hand Grinder

Posted by on Jan 22, 2013 in Frequently Asked Questions | Comments Off on Procedure for Polishing Marble Countertops, Walls, and Stairs with a Hand Grinder

Equipment and Materials 1. Variable speed hand held grinder. 2. Velcro backed diamond pad holder for grinder. 3. Pump/sprayer to supply water to the grinder. 4. Diamond abrasive pads from course to fine grits. 5. Plastic sheeting and/or EZ Mask tape and duct tape for masking. 6. Sponges, rags, and wet vac for water control. Instructions 1. Mask off walls, floors, carpet and other areas that may be damaged by water. 2. Attach the water tube from the pump/sprayer to the water intake valve on the top of the grinder – Optional. 3. Fill the...

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Procedure for Polishing Marble and Terrazzo

Posted by on Jan 22, 2013 in Frequently Asked Questions | Comments Off on Procedure for Polishing Marble and Terrazzo

Step 1: Preparation Use Majestic Deep Cleaning Stripper Degreaser to remove wax or topical coatings (Crystallizer). Dilute 1:1–1:10 depending on condition of floor. Mop or brush onto surface and let stand 5 to 20 minutes. Agitate with machine or brush and rinse well. Continue to rinse until residue has been removed. Do not let it dry onto stone. Always test the product in an inconspicuous area prior to use for suitability and results. Use Majestic Stone & Grout Intensive Cleaner if no coatings are involved. Step 2: Polishing NOTE:...

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Procedure for Diamond Sanding/Refinishing

Posted by on Jan 22, 2013 in Frequently Asked Questions | Comments Off on Procedure for Diamond Sanding/Refinishing

A. Deep Grinding to remove Lippage 1. Start at 30 or 50 grit – Lippage diamonds. – Granite Lippage Diamond Abrasives – Marble Lippage Diamond Abrasives – Toolip Lippage Diamond Abrasives 2. Rate: 12 to 15 sq. ft. per man hour. B. Medium Grinding for Deep Scratches 1. Start at 60 or 100 grit. 2. Rate: 20 to 25 sq. ft. per man hour. C. Medium Sanding (Most Common) 1. Start at 120 grit to 400 grit. 2. Finish off with Majestic Stone Polishing Compound. 3. Rate: 30 to 40 sq. ft. per man hour. Diamond Sanding/Refinishing...

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Procedure for Floor Preparation and Cleaning

Posted by on Jan 22, 2013 in Frequently Asked Questions | Comments Off on Procedure for Floor Preparation and Cleaning

Floors with No Wax or Acrylic Finish Deep clean/scrub with Majestic Deep Cleaning Stripper Degreaser. a) Rate: 400 sq. ft. per man hour. b) Product coverage: About 1,200 to 1,500 sq. ft. per gallon. Floors with Light Wax or Acrylic Strip with Majestic Deep Cleaning Stripper Degreaser. a) Rate: 200 sq. ft. per man hour. b) Product coverage: About 700 sq. ft. per gallon. Floor with Medium to Heavy Wax or Acrylic Finish Strip with Majestic Deep Cleaning Stripper Degreaser. a) Rate: 75 to 100 sq. ft. per hour. b) Product coverage: About 400 to...

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Comparison Chart of CONCRETE Sealers – Which Should I Use?

Posted by on Jan 22, 2013 in Frequently Asked Questions | Comments Off on Comparison Chart of CONCRETE Sealers – Which Should I Use?

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Comparison Chart of STONE Sealers – Which Should I Use?

Posted by on Jan 22, 2013 in Frequently Asked Questions | Comments Off on Comparison Chart of STONE Sealers – Which Should I Use?

Penetrating sealers/impregnators are the only recommended products for protecting natural stone. *Always check with the sealer manufacturer to verify the compatibility of its product with the decorative surface you plan to apply it...

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How do I Develop a Maintenance Program?

Posted by on Jan 22, 2013 in Frequently Asked Questions | Comments Off on How do I Develop a Maintenance Program?

Once the stone type has been identified and any problems corrected or accepted, a daily system should be developed which will keep the stone in a polished condition. The main reason polished stone floors become dull is that we walk on them and “grind” in dust, sand, and other fine, gritty matter that abrades the finish. Remember that it will take three to four times longer to bring the shine back once the floor has gone dull. If allowed to remain dull for a long period it may even have to be refinished to bring back a good...

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How do I Deal with a Combination of a Stain and Etching?

Posted by on Jan 22, 2013 in Frequently Asked Questions | Comments Off on How do I Deal with a Combination of a Stain and Etching?

Finally, we may have a combination of a stain with etching. For example, if some red wine is spilled on an absorbent polished limestone, the acidity of the wine (acetic acid) will etch (corrode) the surface on contact, while the dark color of the wine will stain the stone when it is absorbed. In such a case, first you remove the stain by poulticing (hydrogen peroxide) and then repair the etching by refinishing the surface.

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Dealing with Etching, a.k.a “Water Stains or Rings”

Posted by on Jan 22, 2013 in Frequently Asked Questions | Comments Off on Dealing with Etching, a.k.a “Water Stains or Rings”

Polished marble, travertine, onyx, limestone, etc. are all calcite-based stones, and as such are affected by pH active liquids, mostly acidic in nature. In layman’s language, when an acidic liquid gets on a polished stone surface, it etches it on contact. That is, it leaves a mark of corrosion that looks like a water-stain or ring. Such surface damage has nothing to do with the absorbency rate of the stone (typically quite low, anyway), but exclusively with its chemical makeup, which, as mentioned before, is mostly calcite (Calcium...

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Stain Removal – Using a Stain Poultice

Posted by on Jan 22, 2013 in Frequently Asked Questions | Comments Off on Stain Removal – Using a Stain Poultice

Marble, granite and natural stone are porous materials. This porosity is why it stains so easily. It is also why stains can be removed. All that’s needed to remove a stain is to reverse the staining process. In other words, the stone has literally absorbed the stain and we simply re-absorb it into a different material. This different material is what we call a poultice. A poultice can be made with powdered whiting and hydrogen peroxide or a chemical reducing agent-depending on the nature of the stain. Whiting is sold in most paint...

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How do I Evaluate the Current Condition of the Floor?

Posted by on Jan 22, 2013 in Frequently Asked Questions | Comments Off on How do I Evaluate the Current Condition of the Floor?

The first step in developing a floor maintenance program is to learn what has or is currently being done to the stone. – Has a coating such as wax, acrylic or urethane been used? – Has the stone been maintained with diamond abrasives, crystallization or polishing powders? Is there any damage? – Are there problems, such as cracks, lippage, stains, heavy etching or stun marks? Is the grout sanded or non-sanded? If a coating is present, it may mask other problems such as heavy etching, cracks, pits, holes and deep scratches. A...

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What are Some Common Problems and How do I Fix Them?

Posted by on Jan 22, 2013 in Frequently Asked Questions | Comments Off on What are Some Common Problems and How do I Fix Them?

Marble, granite, limestone and other decorative stone are durable materials that will last a lifetime. However, if not installed correctly or properly cared for problems may result that will shorten its life. The following are the most common problems that may occur. Following are the most common problems and suggested methods of correcting them: Coatings: Coatings such as wax, acrylic and urethane block the pores of natural stone and do not allow vapor to escape out (does not allow it to “breathe”). This, coupled with stripping,...

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How Many Applications of Sealer are Needed?

Posted by on Jan 22, 2013 in Frequently Asked Questions | Comments Off on How Many Applications of Sealer are Needed?

For some stones that are more porous than others, one application of sealer may not be enough. But how will you know? On mercantile granite that needs sealing, at least two applications are recommended. Very porous mercantile granite, sandstone, quartzite, etc. may require three or more applications. When sealer can no longer be absorbed by the stone, the stone is adequately sealed. How long will it last? There is no absolute rule of thumb when it comes to the durability of any sealer. Generally speaking, most quality impregnating sealers...

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What Should I Know About Impregnators and Sealers?

Posted by on Jan 22, 2013 in Frequently Asked Questions | Comments Off on What Should I Know About Impregnators and Sealers?

One of the most common problems associated with the use of natural stone is that it stains very easily. As previously discussed the removal of a stain can be quite expensive and, sometimes, not even possible. To eliminate or reduce the possibility of staining, it is essential that the stone be properly protected with a good quality impregnator or sealer. First, an explanation of the terms “impregnator” and “sealer” are in order. An impregnator is a chemical designed to penetrate into the stone and provide a barrier to...

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How do I Select the Best Method to Restore My Stone Surface?

Posted by on Jan 22, 2013 in Frequently Asked Questions | Comments Off on How do I Select the Best Method to Restore My Stone Surface?

After you establish the type of stone, the condition and the customers expectations, you can move forward with a specific restoration program. In the case of a calcium based stone such as limestone, marble, travertine, terrazzo, etc. when diamond grinding is not needed (deep scratches) Majestic 5X Polishing Powder (Potassium Oxalate) is an excellent choice but can be difficult to work with due to the unstable conditions caused by airborne and surface acids in the product. The product of choice is Majestic Stone Polishing Compound (Aluminum...

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